Eczema is an inflammation of the skin that develops in early childhood and in people with a family history of the condition develop it more commonly. The main symptoms are rash that appears on the arms, behind the knees in most cases, but it can appear anywhere in the body. It is usually common in children. They outgrow them as they age or sometimes, it ends up being a chronic skin issue.
Eczema is characterized by skin that becomes dry, cracked, or sore. People have dry patches of skin or have widespread dryness in the skin. It is usually caused by allergens. Food allergies also play a part in the cause of eczema. Eczema goes side by side with hay fever and asthma.
How to Cure Eczema?
For those wondering how to get rid of eczema, here are some solutions that you can try:
Eczema is usually treated with corticosteroids that help reduce swelling, redness, and itching. The moisturizing treatment used on a daily basis also helps with dealing with the symptoms of eczema.
Eczema Home Treatment:
There are various eczema home remedies that can be followed to keep the symptoms under control. The suggestions below can be used to get relief from eczema.
- Change your laundry detergent or fabric softener: Some brands of fabric cleaners may cause an allergy, so we can change the brands. Liquid detergent is less irritating to the skin than powders. You can also run an extra rinse cycle to ensure the detergent is completely washed off.
- Put on a cool compress: Holding a cold damp cloth can help to ease the itching and irritation.
- Take a lukewarm shower or bath: Do not take a shower/bath for more than 10-15 minutes to prevent the skin from drying. After the shower, pat yourself dry and apply moisturiser well.
- Use colloidal oatmeal in the bath or apply a paste on your skin: Finely ground oatmeal helps with itchy, dry skin.
- A gentle mixture of bleach plus water: This mixture will help in soothing irritation as well as eradicating the bacteria that can trigger skin infections when you suffer from eczema. Consult your doctor before trying this to ensure it doesn’t cause any further damage.
- Add apple cider vinegar to bath water: Use of apple cider vinegar in an amount of two-three cups can help reduce the symptoms.
- Use mild soaps or body cleansers: Look for something that has a lower pH level. Watch out for sodium lauryl sulphate, which can cause irritation to the skin. Rinse well to get rid of residue to ensure the least amount of allergens.
- Moisturize your skin twice a day: Use a doctor-recommended moisturiser or a mild one with no fragrances twice a day to avoid dry skin.
- Put coconut oil on damp skin a few times a day: It may aid in fighting the microbes that can cause skin diseases. Make sure to use “cold-pressed” or “virgin” oil. Coconut oil extract is a great home solution for eczema.
- Put on sunflower oil twice a day: It helps your skin retain moisture and reduces inflammation. Avoid it if you are allergic to sunflower seeds.
- Avoid tight-fitting, rough clothes: Wearing loose clothes ensures there’s less irritation to the skin.
- Never scratch the patches: Scratching the rash/ patch may result in skin damage, so do not scratch.
- Ask your doctor about supplements/vitamins: Sometimes, patients suffering from eczema have deficiencies and vitamin D, fish oil, zinc, and probiotics can help you feel better. Vitamins prescriptions are good treatments for eczema.
- Get a massage: A massage helps relieve stress so a good massage can help you relax and relieve the symptoms of eczema. Make sure to ensure the oils do not cause further irritation.
- Keep a humidifier in the room to ensure that there is moisture in the air and prevent dry skin.
- Primrose Oil: It is extracted from the primrose plant, and is applied to the skin to reduce itching. When orally consumed, it reduces systemic inflammation.
Medical Treatment for Eczema
Medication that helps in the treatment of eczema:
- Topical steroids: Over-the-counter steroid cream along with a calamine lotion, apply as often as possible without skipping days to ensure the rash is fully gone.
- Oral medication: Take diphenhydramine in pill form to treat eczema. Ensure that the medications do not cause sleepiness/ drowsiness before driving/ operating machinery.
- Hypoallergenic Soap: Clean the affected area with hypoallergenic soap and put a lotion after washing to seal the moisture.
- Antibiotics: If eczema occurs alongside a bacterial infection, oral antibiotics are prescribed by the doctor.
- Antihistamines: Reduces the itchiness which reduces the risk of nighttime scratching further aggravates the affected skin.
- Calcineurin inhibitors: Reduces the reactions of the immune system in turn reducing inflammation and flare-ups.
Barrier Repair Moisturisers:
These moisturisers help reduce the loss of hydration of the skin and help repair the damaged skin.[Cautionary note: In all of the above cases please consult a practicing specialist & get checked before taking any medicines.]
Disclaimer: This article is only written for informational purposes only. Users must not view the content as medical advice in any way. Users are also required to ’NOT SELF MEDICATE’ and always consult a practicing specialist before taking any medicines or undergoing any treatment. DivyaAyushCare and the author will not be responsible for any act or omission by the User arising from the User’s interpretation of the content.